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Trying out development builds

No default user accounts

The default images produced do not include any default passwords or SSH keys. There is a root user present, but its password is locked.

Using the “generic cloud” image

Many people who just want to “try things out” will find it easiest to start with the cloud image. (It’s a separate container image because cloud-init does not work on every deployment target, and it also serves as an effective demonstration of layering)

The bootc playground repository helps automate this.

Use bootc-image-builder

The bootc-image-builder tool supports generating disk images, including injecting user accounts.

Generating a raw disk image that can be launched via virt tooling

The above bootc-image-builder tool can generate disk images; however, a key part of the idea of bootc is that operating system images that use it are their own self-sufficient “baseline” installer. So you can use this example:

to generate a raw disk image from the default container base image, or your own without any external tooling.

If you choose not to include SSH keys or other credentials directly in your image, a useful pattern can often be to use systemd credentials to inject a SSH key for root. The above page has this example for qemu:

-smbios type=11,value=io.systemd.credential.binary:tmpfiles.extra=$(echo "f~ /root/.ssh/authorized_keys 600 root root - $(ssh-add -L | base64 -w 0)" | base64 -w 0)

Installation using Anaconda

Tools like Anaconda support injecting configuration at image installation time, such as SSH keys and passwords. This means that in contrast to what was said just before, it’s possible to directly install (and update from) an “unconfigured base image” provided by this project.

Because a current development target for this project is Fedora ELN, which includes the latest support for bootupd, it’s recommended to use that ISO at this time. The support for ostreecontainer does not yet exist in CentOS Stream 9.

See example.ks for an example Kickstart file. The virt-install --initrd-inject helps inject kickstart for installation to virtual machines.

Using bootc install to-filesystem --replace=alongside with a cloud image

A toplevel goal of this project is that the “source of truth” for Linux operating system management is a container image registry - as opposed to e.g. a set of qcow2 OpenStack images or AMIs, etc. You should not need to maintain infrastructure to e.g. manage garbage collection or versioning of cloud (IaaS) VM images.

The latest releases of bootc have support for bootc install to-filesystem --replace=alongside. More about this core mechanic in the bootc install docs.

Here’s an example set of steps to execute; this could be done via e.g. cloud-init configuration.

dnf -y install podman skopeo
podman run --rm --privileged --pid=host -v /:/target --security-opt label=type:unconfined_t <yourimage> bootc install to-filesystem --karg=console=ttyS0,115200n8 --replace=alongside /target

Using bootc install to-disk --via-loopback to generate a raw disk image

truncate -s 10G myimage.raw
podman run --rm --privileged --pid=host --security-opt label=type:unconfined_t -v .:/output <yourimage> bootc install to-disk --via-loopback /output/myimage.raw

This disk image can then be launched in a virtualization tool.

Rebasing from Fedora CoreOS

Fedora CoreOS supports many different platforms, and can be used as a starting point to “rebase” to a custom derived image from CentOS boot. These commands should all be invoked as root.

systemctl mask --now zincati && rm -vf /run/ostree/staged-deployment-locked
echo "# dummy change" >> "/etc/sudoers.d/coreos-sudo-group"
cp -a ~core/.ssh/authorized_keys.d/ignition ~core/.ssh/authorized_keys
rpm-ostree rebase
systemctl reboot